Bulk shipping is the transportation of goods in large quantities, usually not packed but loaded directly into a vessel. Such goods are grains, petroleum products, iron ore and more. These type of goods are referred to as bulk cargo. These are unpacked goods loaded onboard a vessel.
Bulk shipping is a major mode of transportation for commodities such as coal, iron ore, grain, and fertilizers. It is the most cost-effective way to transport these commodities over long distances. Bulk carriers are designed to carry large quantities of cargo, and they can be very efficient at moving goods.